Symptoms of Stress
Mind and body work as one integrated whole; they have direct interrelationship and are affected by each other. If some thing goes wrong with the body, the feelings change accordingly depending upon what is wrong. Similarly, the state of mind affects the body. For example a sudden bad news can immediately lower or raise the blood pressure, cause sinking of heart, begin diarrhea, increase the heart rate, cause undue sweating etc. etc. If the mind remains stressed continuously, the physical effects are also likely to be continuous, which can ultimately disorient normal functioning of the body organs and obviously affect the health in general.
Like the causes of stress, the symptoms are also not alike in everyone. The intensity of the symptoms would depend on the level of stress. The symptoms that gradually appear might not be necessarily due to stress and might have other medical reasons However, commonly observed symptoms are increased heart/pulse rate, tense muscles, feeling of general exhaustion and lethargy, fluctuation of blood pressure from low to high and vice versa, undue sweating, coldness of the limbs, indigestion, nausea, excessive or loss of appetite, diarrhea or constipation, frequent pains in different parts of the body and lack of sleep etc. etc.
Emotional and Mental Symptoms
Persistent mental stress gradually induces changes in the emotional and mental state of the person, which ultimately affects his performance and behavior but it affects everyone differently. Some give up earlier while others may bear it for a prolonged period and still remain stable.
Some of the commonly observed symptoms but with variable intensity are:
- Irritability. Inclination to feel irritated on such small matters that have almost no significance for a normal person or over reacting or even losing temper for matters that can be handled better with a cool mind.
- Emotional imbalance
- Fault finding and critical
- Irrational behavior leading to wrong decisions
- Effort to impose his will
- Lack of concentration
- Lack of sleep
- Grinding of teeth
- Biting of nails
- Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
- Drumming the fingers when thinking
- Trying to hurry up in almost every matter including talking, moving about and even driving.
- Shaking hands very casually
- etc. etc.
These changes in the behavior cause the person to take wrong decisions, become unconvincing, forgetful and unsympathetic resulting in drop of reputation as a good friend, a good boss, a good businessman, a good subordinate, a good colleague or a good student. Faulty decisions snatch his self confidence; overall efficiency gradually drops and makes the person sick both mentally and physically. Should such a situation arise, one should try and manage it. Continuing as it is not a smart option.